The rugs that we have in our homes have a rich past of traditions and craftsmanship. That is why certain carpets and contemporary rugs in the market today still cost as much as they were first made hundreds and even thousands of years ago. It all began with weaving. Simple mats, baskets and fruit containers were made of leaves, stalks, reeds and grasses and other natural materials found in the surroundings. By origin the ‘rugs’ that were used in homes were probably rough dried skins of hunted animals used as floor coverings in the homes of prehistoric hunters. Animal hide that had piles and fur made the flooring of the caves where they live a more habitable and warm. Mist likely spread all throughout the area. And since humans become more intelligent and progressive, other materials were discovered. Skilled hands bounded these new materials and form object which serves value to their everyday life. Like food baskets for fruits and other items.
Weaving is primarily the root of rug making. Historical and archaeological evidence revealed that weaving and the existence of rugs in many ancient civilizations like those in Mesopotamia (Iran) , Mayans and Incas as far back as 7000 and 8000 B.C. In other continents where progress and developments flourished like those in Egypt and Persia , wool from sheep, goat and other animals and of course cotton were utilized and the technology were developed during the third millennium B.C.E. The orient land also discovered such skills. The cradle of Asian civilization: China were also crucial to the proliferation and development of the textile industry. In Mongolia and the high regions in the Himalayans nomadic herders were among the first to develop and weave wool rugs.
The technique of weaving and rug making developed in many other parts of the world in Europe, and even in some parts of the Americas as far back as 5500 B.C.E. Weavers began to use natural colors. Discovering the magic of dyes and colored pigment they began experimenting blending colored patterns. Chinas greatest contribution to mankind, the discovery of silk made the possibility of including the ornate, elaborate embroidery onto rugs. Turkey and Mongolia and others contributed to the development of more sophisticated looms and weaving techniques has turned the simple handicraft skill of rug-making from necessity to art form.
Tufting is the seed of rug making. There are many techniques that have been developed in tufting. Top-stitched tufting means requires cutting into the foam filling. Patterned seams, usually various types of diamond patterns, are sewn into the fabric and then the fabric is attached to the item. The result is a
Tight-finished look. Hand-tufted rugs and hand-knotted rugs come out to be very alike and are commonly misguided for one another. The only difference is that hand-tufted area rugs are not as durable as the knotted type they are less expensive also. The major cause this type of area rug is so reasonably priced since they are much easier and faster to create. The technique stars by using a special tool to form the tufts and eliminating the time it takes to tie a knot.
On the contrary knotted area rugs are more durable than hand-tufted rugs, The process starts by cutting the material into the definite size and shape so that it can be taut over a supporting frame at which point the craftsman can start the knotting. The process is repeated until the desired size is achieved. Much to our amazement rug making does involve a bit of creativity and imagination. That is why several other carpet makers claim that each rug is unique because each has its own time to make and each has its own approach in making. This may also refer to the designs, size and shape and use of the techniques